Do you want to improve your tennis game? Then you need to master the basics in order to build a solid foundation. Learning the fundamentals of tennis starts with understanding the game’s rules, regulations, as well as game play. Once you know all these, it’s time to tackle the physical fundamentals: strokes, footwork, physical conditioning and fitness, and equipment.
Strokes pertain to techniques you can use when striking the ball: the forehand groundstroke, backhand groundstroke, volleys, serves, and spins. Footwork covers proper (and safe) movement on court, as well as the ability to maintain proper balance at all times. Physical conditioning and fitness means developing strength, speed, flexibility, stamina, and agility. It also means improving your coordination and reaction time through regular practice. Working with a tennis coach is a good idea if you are serious about improving your performance in these areas. A coach can also recommend the right equipment (racket, strings, and tennis shoes) depending on your play style.
The fundamentals of tennis go beyond the elements we have so far mentioned. You also need to learn psychological and mental fundamentals. These involve tactics and strategy—both of which pertain to your approach to playing the match while taking into account your weaknesses and strengths. With regular training, you will eventually develop the ability to make swift decisions.
‘Mental toughness’ also falls under the psychological and mental fundamentals of tennis. You need to train yourself to focus only on the things that are important in the moment—and in the case of tennis, this means the ball. Mental toughness likewise teaches you to be calm and determined in the dace of pressure. The best players in the world are experts at managing their nervousness. This focus and calmness helps them play extraordinarily well.